Jewish Bath House and the First Transport Memorial

The building was designed by Franciszek Hackbeil (Sr.) – a constructor from Tarnów, who in 1900 set a company with Michał Mikoś in order to build a bath house situated in the former Dożywocie Square (Lifetime Square). The bath house, built in a Moorish style, was opened in 1904. On 13 June 1940, Germans gathered here 753 prisoners from the local jail. The following morning they were drew out and escorted by armed gendarmes to the railway station, where they were put into cars and transported to the concentration camp in Auschwitz. Only 728 reached the destination. Those prisoners, called Tarnovians, had the lowest camp identification numbers from 31 to 758. Among those who died there were Jewish prisoners: dr Zdzisław Simche – a geographer, gymnasium teacher and author of the monograph entitled Tarnów i jego okolica (Tarnów and its Region), dr Emil Wider – an attorney, Maksymilian Rozenbusz – a Hebrew gymnasium headmaster, Jakow Szwarc – an industrialist. The square in front of the Bath House now bears the name of Prisoners of KL Auschwitz and the tragic events commemorates monument designed by Otto Schier.