Ulica Żydowska (Jewish Street)

Żydowska Street with the parallel Wekslarska Street form the oldest part of the district once inhabited by Jews. The first Jews started to settle along the street in the second half of the 15th century. Having usually a permission to occupy only a small quarter of the town, they had to built a certain type of houses. Well preserved tenement houses from the 17th and 18th century represent very characteristic for the Jews compact settlement with narrow passages and halls and small yards. Narrow face walls, rare in the western part of the Old Town, are also very typical. These were the Jews from the oldest district who at the beginning of the 19th century started to settle in Grabowka district, on the east side of the town. Before 1939 nearly half of Tarnów inhabitants were Jews. Between 11 and 19 June 1942, Żydowska Street witnessed a mass murder of about three thousand Jews by the Nazis. According to some reports, Jewish blood was running down the streets leading to the Market Square. In 1997 a plaque commemorating these events was built in the corner building of Żydowska Street and below a part of the Market Square’s paving, the silent, material witness, was placed.